Edgemarc cli commands

As part of our high-value services offering, Ribbon Communications helps service providers to optimize and manage hosted environments as enterprises adopt new technologies and transition to the cloud. The EdgeMarc delivers enterprise session border controller eSBC functions to protect against malicious attacks, such as denial or service and toll fraud. EdgeView is the network management platform that enables you to monitor, troubleshoot, and rectify problems.

It will help reduce the number of service issues and drive savings in overall installation costs and customer care. Ribbon's SD-WAN solution provides the voice, video, and business application performance across multiple WAN connections to drive customer satisfaction.

For technical support for your network devices, visit our Edgewater Support portal, where you'll find FAQs, our knowledge base, contacts and our online case management.

edgemarc cli commands

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Linux sudo command

Contact Us Contact Us Today. All Rights Reserved.The command line isn't just for wise Linux beards. It's actually an awesome tool with almost limitless functionality.

edgemarc cli commands

Here's a primer on how it works, and how you can do almost anything with it. Note: This article is meant for people who are either new to the command line or only have a couple of command-line tricks up their sleeve.

If you're already conversant with most basic commands, you can send this article to others that still aren't up to your skill level and spread the good word about how great the command line really is.

The command-line interface, sometimes referred to as the CLI, is a tool into which you can type text commands to perform specific tasks—in contrast to the mouse's pointing and clicking on menus and buttons. Since you can directly control the computer by typing, many tasks can be performed more quickly, and some tasks can be automated with special commands that loop through and perform the same action on many files—saving you, potentially, loads of time in the process.

The application or user interface that accepts your typed responses and displays the data on the screen is called a shell, and there are many different varieties that you can choose from, but the most common these days is the Bash shell, which is the default on Linux and Mac systems in the Terminal application. By default, Windows systems only include the anemic Command Prompt application, which has nowhere near the power of Bash, so for the purposes of this article we're going to suggest you use the open source Cygwin tool as your Windows command line, since it's quite a bit more powerful.

You'll also at some point want to read parts onetwoand three of our series on using the Bash shell under Cygwin—the tips apply to Linux and OS X as well. To get started with the command line, you'll need to open up a terminal window and get ready to start typing commands.

Here's a list of basic commands you can use, organized by the type of activity that you might want to perform. When you run your terminal application Cygwin on Windows, Terminal on Mac and Linuxyour command prompt will start up pointing to a specific folder on your hard drive. You can navigate between folders, act on files inside those folders, or perform other actions.

List Files First, let's display a list of files inside the active folder. For this task, you'll need to use the ls command. You can pass a number of parameters to the command to display extra details or change the sorting.

For instance, if I add -l to the end of my ls command, I'll see a detailed listing; -t will sort the results by file time; -S will sort by file size; and -r will reverse the sorting. You could use a combination of these together, like this command, which will show all files sorted by file size with the largest files at the bottom:.

edgemarc cli commands

If you use the —a option, you can see hidden files, and you'll also notice something else in the listing: there are two entries for ". These represent the current folder—the ". Change Directories You can change between directories using the cd command, and using what we just learned about the ".

You can navigate to either full or relative paths. For example, the command above navigates to a relative path—one above the current folder. You can also navigate to absolute paths. To swap directories to the previous working directory, the '-' hyphen shortcut is handy to have on hand.

You can quickly switch back to the previous working directory with this command:. If there are files in the folder, you'll have to delete those files before you can remove the folder.

For example, if you're in a folder and want to delete every file inside that folder, just type:. If you want to delete a list of files and folders, including all files from subdirectorieswithout prompting you for every single entry, you can use the -r option for recursive, and the -f option for force.

This command will wipe out every instance of a matching filename pattern note the slightly different use of the wildcard from the current directory and below:. Edit Plain Text Files The command that you use to edit text files will be different based on the platform you're using and the application you prefer to use.

If you're using Ubuntu Linux, you can use the nano editor to quickly edit files, which might be more suitable for beginners. Displaying Files You can display the file contents directly on the screen with the cat command, but the results will probably go flying past you on most large files, so it's usually better to use the more or less commands. For instance:. This will display the contents of a file on the screen, and prompt you to scroll through the file a screen at a time.

For instance, if you want to use ls —l to display a list of files but it keeps scrolling off the screen, you can pipe the output from the ls —l command into the input of the more command by using the character:. You could then use the cat command to display the contents of that file, pipe that into the grep command detailed further belowand then redirect that output into a separate file:.

Running a Script in the Current Folder If you have an application or shell script in the current folder, you can't simply type the name of the command and expect it to start.

You'll need to add a.Also See for Series User manual - 53 pages Quick start manual - 8 pages. Page of Go. Show quick links. Hide Hide permanently. Table of Contents. Any other trademarks appearing in this manual are owned by their respective companies. Chapter 1: Introduction Thank you for the purchase of your converged network appliance. This User's Guide describes the converged network appliance.

This document introduces the major features of the and describes how to perform physical installation and system configuration. The Converged Network Appliance The is a new generation of edge device providing the demarcation point for real-time, interactive IP services. It replaces Serial Console Port This port is used to establish a local console session with the using a VT terminal or emulation program.

The baud rate is 8 N 1 and None for flow control. It is used for debug or local diagnostic purposes only. Chapter 2: Getting Started Physical Installation The is designed for either desktop or wall mount installation. Please observe the following guidelines when installing the system: Never assume that the AC cord is disconnected from a power source.

Connecting to the The is configured using a web browser such as Internet Explorer or Netscape Navigator. To connect to thedo the following: A. Chapter 3: Configuration Menu Network The system can be configured to support a wide range of multimedia network services. These services can be enabled or disabled depending on the functionality required for a network configuration.

Enter the password given to you by your Password -- network provider. Serving as an ALG proxy, the system maps many network appliances into one or more public IP addresses and provides the connectivity and management for IP phones. The device has to be registered. Enable this feature and submit to view and modify the list. This is the list of outbound proxies or registrars that are allowed through Transparent Proxy Mode.

Page H. Audit Cycle Interval m -- Audit Cycle Interval specifies how often these messages should be sent out to the clients. Each cycle, all endpoints will be audited so the rate of messages being sent is dependent on the number of clients currently registered. The system can strip the given domain-name Domain-Name -- from incoming calls when attempting to match the alias to a client and strip all domain names from outgoing calls. Alias Restrictions sets a limit to the number Alias Restrictions -- of aliases that are allowed to register with the system.

A firewall restricts and controls the traffic between networks, typically between a corporate network and the Internet. If an external firewall is used, the data firewall features can be set to pass or block all data traffic depending on whether the system is placed in series or in parallel with the external firewall.On Unix-like operating systems, the sudo command sudo stands for "superuser do" allows a user with proper permissions to execute a command as another user, such as the superuser.

The real and effective uid and gid of the issuing user are then set to match those of the target user account as specified in the passwd file. By default, sudo requires that users authenticate themselves with a password. By default, this is the user's password, not the root password itself. Once a user has been authenticated, a timestamp is recorded and the user may use sudo without a password for a short period of time 5 minutesunless configured differently in sudoers.

This timestamp can be renewed if the user issues sudo with the -v flag. If a user not listed in sudoers tries to run a command using sudoit is considered an unsuccessful attempt to breach system security and mail is sent to the proper authorities, as defined at configure time or in the sudoers file. The default authority to be notified of unsuccessful sudo attempts is root.

Note that the mail will not be sent if an unauthorized user tries to run sudo with the -l or -v flags; this allows users to determine for themselves whether or not they are allowed to use sudo.

By default, sudo will log to syslog but this can be changed at configure time or in the sudoers file. To edit the sudoers file, use the visudo command. Upon successful execution of a program, the return value from sudo will be the return value of the program that was executed.

In the latter case the error string is printed to stderr. If sudo cannot stat one or more entries in the user's PATH an error is printed on stderr. If the directory does not exist or if it is not really a directory, the entry is ignored and no error is printed. This should not happen under normal circumstances. The most common reason for stat to return "permission denied" is if you are running an auto- mount er and one of the directories in your PATH is on a machine that is currently unreachable.

Variables that control how dynamic loading and binding is done can be used to subvert the program that sudo runs. To combat this, some system-specific environment variables are removed from the environment that is passed on to the commands that are executed. Other variables that sudo removes from the environment include:. The list of environment variables that sudo clears is contained in the output of sudo -V when run as root.

To prevent command spoofing, sudo checks ". Note, however, that the actual PATH environment variable is not modified and is passed unchanged to the program that sudo executes. For security reasons, if your OS supports shared libraries and does not disable user-defined library search paths for setuid programs most doyou should either use a linker option that disables this behavior or link sudo statically.

backup configs on edgemarc 4500

On systems that allow non-root users to give away files via chownif the timestamp directory is located in a directory writable by anyone e. However, because sudo checks the ownership and mode of the directory and its contents, the only damage that can be done is to "hide" files by putting them in the timestamp dir.

This is unlikely to happen since once the timestamp dir is owned by root and inaccessible by any other user the user placing files there would be unable to get them back out.

Please note that sudo will only log the command it explicitly runs. If a user runs a command such as " sudo su " or " sudo sh ", subsequent commands run from that shell will not be logged, nor will sudo 's access control affect them.

The same is true for commands that offer shell escapes including most editors. Because of this, care must be taken when giving users access to commands via sudo to verify that the command does not inadvertently give the user an effective root shell. Restart the system; run the shutdown command as root.

Command Line Crash Course

Create a new directory with the mkdir command, as the user hopewith hope's current group set to otherusers. The next sudo command will require a password. Home Help Linux. Description Syntax Examples Related commands Linux commands help. Was this page useful? The -V version option causes sudo to print the version number and exit.Need support for your remote team?

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Edgewater Networks EdgeMarc 2900e Hardware Installation Manual

We help IT Professionals succeed at work. Medium Priority. Last Modified: Start Free Trial. View Solution Only. Commented: As you configure the EdgeMarc Series the submit command writes the configuration changes to both RAM and flash so that the files stored in flash are always up to date with the running state of the system. The EdgeMarc Series provides a utility that enables you to copy the individual configuration files stored in flash to a single, consolidated backup file.

This single file can then be used as a backup for the entire system and restored at a later date if necessary. Multiple backup files with different system configurations can also be created and stored locally in the EdgeMarc Series or on remote TFTP servers.

Also, it is recommended that you create a backup file after any configuration changes are made to the EdgeMarc Series. This is to prevent the loss of any configuration changes made since your last backup in the event that you must restore the system configuration. Logon as root B.

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Enter the password Once you are at the command prompt bash you can create the backup file, store it to local flash, copy it to a remote TFTP server, copy it from a remote TFTP server, delete it, load it or list all available backup files.Need support for your remote team?

Check out our new promo! IT issues often require a personalized solution. Why EE? Get Access. Log In. Web Dev. NET App Servers. We help IT Professionals succeed at work. Medium Priority. Last Modified: Start Free Trial.

View Solution Only. Commented: The information I found suggests "root" as the username and "default" as the password. Author Commented: The default CLI password is holding shift key down the entire time Thank you apccary for the solution. The CLI password was exactly what i was looking for. Thanks for that apccary. Very useful, yes. Ashame EE doesn't provide a way to make that display that as the right solution What is the default console password?

Not the solution you were looking for? Explore More Content. Explore More Content Explore courses, solutions, and other research materials related to this topic.

edgemarc cli commands

How to reset the password of admin user in Netgear Router? Our Company Why EE?During a recent external penetration test, one of the many servers listening on the default HTTP port 80 caught my eye. The web server threw a HTTP Basic Authentication login prompt immediately upon viewing it, which was unique amongst this particular target network.

I learned later that nmap provided me the wrong model of the device but it was still enough to get my research started. Research on this gadget lead me to the following documentwhich is the manual for an Edgewater Edgemarc model that is sold with custom firmware by 8x8 Business VoIP. The contents of the manual told me the default username and password for the device, so I decided to try them out.

At this moment things started to look up; I was in! I began doing reconnaissance on the configuration, ultimately trying to learn the purpose of this contraption and why it needed to sit, exposed, at the edge of large corporate network. Quite a juicy find during external penetration test. The interface looked ancient and the web server did not even support SSL. How secure could it be?

After finding over 10 instances of reflective cross-site scripting, I was convinced there was something more significant left to uncover. I saw that the pages appeared quite sporadic. One page would be 23, the next 53, and next 7. I realized pretty quickly that with the available menu options that I certainly did not have access to 53 different configuration pages, figuring it was firmware based, so I proceeded to brute-force this number with Burp Intruder.

The description of the page was as follows:. They are automatically executed when Submit is pressed on the page, whenever the system starts, or a network restart is performed. User commands are commonly used to create user specific firewall and routing rules. Entering a few simple commands yielded no feedback to whether the commands ran. No output from the commands were presented. Hoping this might be a blind OS command injection flaw, I issued some simple ping commands to an internet-facing attacking box and sure enough, I was receiving incoming ICMP packets from this device!

At this point, I tried using several tools that come pre-built in most Linux operating systems so that I could escalate this command injection into a full-blown shell. I set up a listener on my attacking box for port 80 and attempted to use wget to make a request to my attacking web server. I received the request which gave me everything I needed to pull a malicious payload and execute it. Soon after, I was convinced that I had a payload on disk and all I had left to do was execute it.

So naturally I gave it a shot. I received a shell from the device and quickly dropped to command line to find I was running as the root user!

Edgewater has confirmed that this vulnerability is present on all Edgemarc devices, regardless of vendor specific firmware. They also informed me that this is expected to be fixed in an upcoming release but did not specify a date. I can confirm that the default root password to log in to the interface requires the password to be changed upon first log in, in all devices produced or updated within the last year, effectively mitigating the vulnerability.

March 6th - Update email sent. Was told there are plans to remove all un-used configuration pages. April 17th - Update email sent. Was advised it is on the roadmap to be fixed in an upcoming version, no set date.


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